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The Great Chain of Consciousness :Do All Things Possess Awareness?

In An EssAy on MAn, the eighteenth-century British poet Alexander Pope offers a suc- cinct formulation of an age-old philosophical doctrine about reality. This doctrine, which Arthur Lovejoy refers to as the “great chain of being,” maintains that existence is hierarchi- cal and organically linked, structured as it is upon the descending degrees of being. Reality begins with and proceeds from God, the Supreme Being, and ends in the most miniscule and discrete kinds of beings. Each thing in the cosmos, including the cosmos itself, forms a vital link with the other parts of this great chain. In Pope’s words,………………..

The Great Chain Of Consciousness (Renovatio 1.1, 2017) (1)

Rajab Ali Tabrizi Refutation of Sadrian metaphysics

Amongst the most formidable opponents of the metaphysics of Mulla
Sadra (d, 1045 AH/1636 or 1050 AH/1640) during the Safavid period was
his student and son-in-law ‘Abd al-Razzaq Lahiji (d. 1071 AH/1661-2).’
Unlike Muhsin Fayd Kashani (d, 1091 AH/1680),’ Sadras other son-in­
law and student, Lahiji’s writings were primarily within the tradition
of post-Avicennian Islamic philosophical theology. This is best
evidenced in his critique of Sadras principal and innovative doctrine
of substantial motion (al-/iarakah al-jawhariyyah). One of Fayd and
Lahiji’s disciples, the major Safavid philosopher and mystic Qa<;li Sa’id……………..

 

Rajab Ali Tabrizis Refutation Of Sadrian

Aḥmad al-Ghazālī’s Metaphysics of Love (edited by JOSEPH E.B. LUMBARD)

To understand the content of Aḥmad al-Ghazālī’s writings and sermons, one must also examine their form. In his attempts to transport his
audience to the truth of which he is certain and to actualize the realization of it within them, Aḥmad al-Ghazālī is ever aware of the limitations inherent to words……………..

Amad_al-Ghazali_Remembrance_and_the_Met

Seyyed Hossein Nasr: On Tradition, Metaphysics, and Modernity: The Harvard Review of Philosophy Seyyed Hossein Nasr

Seyyed Hossein Nasr (SHN): The meaning of “tradition” as used by traditionalists such as myself does not mean custom or transmitted habit, but principles of a divine order and their applications to various domains. I can quote for you from one of my own writings:……….

Seyyed_Hossein_Nasr_On_Tradition_Metaphy

God is Absolute Reality and All Creation is His Tajalli (Theophany)

One can hardly avoid the conclusion that as long as religion was central to human life,
there was no ecological crisis even if there were minor degradations of the natural envi­
ronment…………………………………………………

God_is_Absolute_Reality_and_All_Creation

Everything Muhammad: The Image of the Prophet in the Writings of ‘Ayn al-Qudat

I
t is well‑known that Rumi (d. 1273) was a great lover of the Prophet
Muhammad. This is best typified in such verses as the ones with which
the present article begins. Given our knowledge of the devotion to the
Prophet that we find in Rumi’s writings and in the works of many other
Sufi authors,2
I would here like to discuss the views of another major
devotee of the Prophet. His name was Abu’l Ma‘ali ‘Abd Allah al‑Miyanji,
and is most commonly known as ‘Ayn al‑Qudat Hamadani. He was born……..

Everything Muhammad

Knowledge and the Sacred – Seyyed Hossein Nasr

Knowledge and the Sacred – The Gifford Lectures

The Basic Structure of Metaphysical Thinking in Islam – By Toshihiko Izutsu

Izutzu – Basic Structure of Metaphysical Thinking in Islam

The Male and Female in the Islamic Perspective

The Male and Female in the Islamic Perspective

by Seyyed Hossein Nasr

“O Mankind! Lo! We have created you male and female… The noblest among you, in the sight of Allah, is the best in conduct.” (Quran 49:13)

The Male and Female in the Islamic Perspective