Entries by simar

The Great Chain of Consciousness :Do All Things Possess Awareness?

In An EssAy on MAn, the eighteenth-century British poet Alexander Pope offers a suc- cinct formulation of an age-old philosophical doctrine about reality. This doctrine, which Arthur Lovejoy refers to as the “great chain of being,” maintains that existence is hierarchi- cal and organically linked, structured as it is upon the descending degrees of being. […]

Rajab Ali Tabrizi Refutation of Sadrian metaphysics

Amongst the most formidable opponents of the metaphysics of Mulla Sadra (d, 1045 AH/1636 or 1050 AH/1640) during the Safavid period was his student and son-in-law ‘Abd al-Razzaq Lahiji (d. 1071 AH/1661-2).’ Unlike Muhsin Fayd Kashani (d, 1091 AH/1680),’ Sadras other son-in­ law and student, Lahiji’s writings were primarily within the tradition of post-Avicennian Islamic […]

The End of Islamic Philosophy by Mohammed Rustom

Islamic traditional teachings are couched in a language which is not easily understood by many contemporary men, especially those with a modern education. The old treatises were usually written in a syllogistic language which is no longer prevalent today. What must be done is to disengage the content of Islamic philosophy from the language which […]

Aḥmad al-Ghazālī’s Metaphysics of Love (edited by JOSEPH E.B. LUMBARD)

To understand the content of Aḥmad al-Ghazālī’s writings and sermons, one must also examine their form. In his attempts to transport his audience to the truth of which he is certain and to actualize the realization of it within them, Aḥmad al-Ghazālī is ever aware of the limitations inherent to words…………….. Amad_al-Ghazali_Remembrance_and_the_Met

The Influence of Rene Guenon in the Islamic World

Although the impact of the teachings of Rene Guenon upon the Occident has not been studied fully, at lease there exist a number of studies concerning the far­ reaching influence of his seminal writings in a number of European countries. Such is unfortunately not the case when one turns to the Islamic world……………… The_Influence_of_Rene_Guenon_in_the_Isla

Spiritual Chivalry

IT IS NOT  POSSIBLE to discuss Islamic spirituality :Without dealing with that spiritual reality which is called futuwwah in Arabic and jawan  mardi in Persian and which can be rendered into English as “mystical youth” or spiritual chivalry……………… Spiritual Chivalry (Nasr)