In An EssAy on MAn, the eighteenth-century British poet Alexander Pope offers a suc- cinct formulation of an age-old philosophical doctrine about reality. This doctrine, which Arthur Lovejoy refers to as the “great chain of being,” maintains that existence is hierarchi- cal and organically linked, structured as it is upon the descending degrees of being. Reality begins with and proceeds from God, the Supreme Being, and ends in the most miniscule and discrete kinds of beings. Each thing in the cosmos, including the cosmos itself, forms a vital link with the other parts of this great chain. In Pope’s words,………………..
It is well‑known that Rumi (d. 1273) was a great lover of the Prophet
Muhammad. This is best typified in such verses as the ones with which
the present article begins. Given our knowledge of the devotion to the
Prophet that we find in Rumi’s writings and in the works of many other
I would here like to discuss the views of another major
devotee of the Prophet. His name was Abu’l Ma‘ali ‘Abd Allah al‑Miyanji,
and is most commonly known as ‘Ayn al‑Qudat Hamadani. He was born……
Islamic traditional teachings are couched in a language which is not easily
understood by many contemporary men, especially those with a modern
education. The old treatises were usually written in a syllogistic language which
is no longer prevalent today. What must be done is to disengage the content
of Islamic philosophy from the language which is now not well received and
to present it in terms more conformable to the intellectual horizon of our
contemporaries. What is needed essentially is a re-presentation of the whole
body of Islamic wisdom in a contemporary language. Thus those who seek
for various problems the solution offered by this form of wisdom will find it
without the barrier of unfamiliar language or thought structure………..
In An Essay on Man, the eighteenth-century British poet Alexander Pope offers a succinct formulation of an age-old philosophical doctrine about reality. This doctrine, which Arthur Lovejoy refers to as the “great chain of being,” maintains that existence is hierarchical and organically linked……………..