In An Essay on Man, the eighteenth-century British poet Alexander Pope offers a succinct formulation of an age-old philosophical doctrine about reality. This doctrine, which Arthur Lovejoy refers to as the “great chain of being,” maintains that existence is hierarchical and organically linked……………..
Islamic Art and Spirituality
By Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Islamic Art has been the subject of study by Western scholars since the nineteenth century and by Western-trained
Muslim savants for several decades. It has, moreover, come to receive special attention during the past two or three
decades by the larger public as a distinct category of art. Numerous works have appeared in nearly every European
language on the history, technical formation, social setting, and other aspects of this art. A few books and articles
have been devoted to its spiritual significance and meaning, but these have been few and far between. Except for
the writings of T. Burckhardt, which cast special light upon the intellectual, symbolic, and spiritual dimensions of
Islamic art, there are very few works which look upon Islamic art as the manifestation in the world of forms of the
spiritual realities (al-haqa’iq) of the Islamic revelation itself as coloured by its earthly embodiments……………..