Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān’s Parable of the Two Generous Men in Avicenna’s Decree and Determination (R. fī l-Qaḍāʾ wa-l-qadar)

This article explores Avicenna’s conception of divine providence in the light of his allegorical
work Decree and Determination (R. fī l-Qaḍāʾ wa-l-qadar), wherein the philosopher
stages interactions between the rational soul, the animal soul, and the Active
Intelligence. Centering on the parable of the two generous men told in Decree and
Determination by the legendary sage Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān, this analysis draws parallels from
numerous works of Avicenna—notably his other allegorical work, Alive, Son of Awake
(R. Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān)—so as to bring into focus lesser-known facets of his philosophical
(link below)

Universal Science:An Introduction to Islamic Metaphysics

Philosophy is the foundation of all sciences. It is the universal science
(ʿilm-i kullī). Without philosophy no other science can be established
(banā kard)…Philosophy is the ontology of any reality (ḥaqīqat). For ex-
ample, the reality (ḥaqīqat) of man. If you put philosophy to one side, you
have put man aside. Because man is a rational and perceiving animal…
the perceiver of ‘reality’. Āyatullāh Mahdī Ḥāʾirī Yazdī (d. 1420 ah/1999)1………………..

Hairi Yazdi, Universal Science, An Introduction To Islamic Metaphysics (trans. Cooper)

Introduction to Metaphysics

Introduction to Metaphysics Part 1: The Supreme Science of Islam


Introduction to Metaphysics Part 2: The nature of reality


Introduction to Metaphysics Part 3: Science