KNOWLEDGE IN LATER ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY – Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect and Intuition


“Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Yahya al-Qawami al-Shirazi (1571–1640),1 known as Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi and more popularly as Mulla Sadra, is one of the most prominent figures of postAvicennan Islamic philosophy. His school of thought called‘ transcendent wisdom’(al-hikmatal-muta‘aliyah) has made”
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In Search of the Lost Heart: Explorations in Islamic Thought


Arabic and Persian terms have been transliterated in accordance with the system employed by the (), with the following major exceptions: (1) no distinction is made in transliterating consonants shared between Arabic and Persian; (2) complete transliterations of book and article titles have been retained throughout; (3) in contexts where transliteration is not an absolute necessity (i.e., book/article titles and technical expressions), certain terms that appear on the word list, namely hajj, imam……(download below)

Rumi’s View of Imam Husayn – William C. Chittick


The martyrdom of the Imam Husayn can hardly be called a major
theme of Rumi’s works; in over 50,000 couplets he refers to it less
than twenty times. Nevertheless, these few lines are sufficient to
suggest how the events of Karbala’ were viewed not only by Rumi’s,
this great representative of the………….
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Avicenna’s Theodicy and al-Rāzī’s Anti-Theodicy

Avicenna’s Neoplatonic account of divine providence and theodicy was hugely influential
on later philosophical and religious thought in the Islamic world. However, it
was severely criticised by one of his earlier commentators, the theologian-philosopher
Faḫr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (d. 606/1210). While Avicenna champions an optimist theodicean
thesis of a plenitude of good to support the theory of providence integrated into his
cosmogony, his commentator counters by arguing for a plenitude of evil and an overall……
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The Worldview of Islamic Philosophy

Philosophy’s relation to the Islamic tradition has often been debated In modern stud­-
ies. A good number of the experts consider the relation tenuous, and others disagree.
The difference of opinion has much to do with differing understandings of the key
terms of the debate. No one seems to have doubted that at least some of the philoso-­
phers are in fact doing “philosophy” in the Greek tradition…………..
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The Worldview Of Islamic Philosophy (Chittick)

The Dialectic of Gratitude (Shukr) in the Non-dualism of Ibn al-ʿArabī

The role and function of gratitude or shukr in Islam has been a
topic that, until recently, has been the subject of little extensive
analysis. This is despite the central place of gratitude within the…………….

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Gratitude In IA – Khalil Final Nov 24 2018

Neo-Orientalism and the Study of Islamic Philosophy: An Interview with Professor Mohammed Rustom

Abstract: After attending Professor Rustom’s advanced seminar on Ibn Sina at Carleton University in winter 2017, doctoral candidate Soroosh Shahriari of McGill University, Canada, “brought up the possibility of . . [posing] some ‘hard’ questions concerning the contemporary study of Islamic philosophy.” Rustom’s in-depth knowledge of the method and spirit of traditional Islamic education and Islamic metaphysics helps us navigate the complexities inherent in the study of Islamic philosophy in the modern academy. What follows is an edited version of this interview, which took place in Ottawa, Canada, February 2017.

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Neo-Orientalism And The Study Of Islamic Philosophy (JIMS 3.1, 2018)


Our “Share” in this World By Mohammed Rustom

We often hear people speak of the need to balance our religion (din) and our worldly lives (dunya). This is a rather uncustomary formulation in traditional Islamic parlance, especially because the Qur’an juxtaposes the akhira (afterlife), not din, with dunya. Needless to say the Muslims in the past had their priorities straight. They understood what the demands of living the life Islam entailed, and they knew whatthe demands of living in the world entailed. Thus, they did not need………………..

Our Share In This World (SW 34, 2014)

Mulla Rajab, On the Necessary Being and The Fundamental Principle

Translated for this volume by Mohammed Rustom from Mullā Rajab ʿAlī Tabrīzī,
Ithbāt-i wājib in Sayyid Jalāl al-Dīn Āshtiyānī and Henry Corbin, ed., Anthologie des philosophes iraniens depuis le XVII siècle jusqu’à nos jours (Tehran, 1972–1975),
vol. 1, pp. 220–243.e


Mulla Rajab, On The Necessary Being And The Fundamental Principle (APP 5, 2015)

The End of Islamic Philosophy by Mohammed Rustom

Islamic traditional teachings are couched in a language which is not easily
understood by many contemporary men, especially those with a modern
education. The old treatises were usually written in a syllogistic language which
is no longer prevalent today. What must be done is to disengage the content
of Islamic philosophy from the language which is now not well received and
to present it in terms more conformable to the intellectual horizon of our
contemporaries. What is needed essentially is a re-presentation of the whole
body of Islamic wisdom in a contemporary language. Thus those who seek
for various problems the solution offered by this form of wisdom will find it
without the barrier of unfamiliar language or thought structure………..



The End Of Islamic Philosophy (SW 40, 2017)

Modern Science and the Eclipse of Tawhîd

My purpose today is to suggest some of the issues that need to be raised from the side of
Islamic thinking in any discussion of “religion and science.” For “religion,” I will keep in view
the Islamic intellectual tradition, especially in its later stages, when it achieved a synthetic view………..

Modern Science and the Eclipse of Tawhid (Chittick)

Do All Things Possess Awareness?

In An Essay on Man, the eighteenth-century British poet Alexander Pope offers a succinct formulation of an age-old philosophical doctrine about reality. This doctrine, which Arthur Lovejoy refers to as the “great chain of being,” maintains that existence is hierarchical and organically linked……………..

The Great Chain of Consciousness (Renovatio 1.1, 2017)