On Cultivating Gratitude (Shukr) in Sufi Virtue Ethics by Atif Khalil

Gratitude or shukr is one of the most central of Islamic virtues, the importance of which
is underscored by the fact that the defining notions of “faith” and “disbelief” revolve
around the pivots of shukr and kufr (= ingratitude). The article focuses on treatments of
the virtue within the Sufi tradition, and even here, with a concentration specifically on
the importance attached to its cultivation within the inner life of the spiritual aspirant……
(link below)

On_Cultivating_Gratitude_in_Sufi_Ethics – Khalil

The Embodiment of Gratitude (Shukr) in Sufi Ethics by Atif Khalil

It has been argued that in the tradition of Western ethics there have been
two general approaches to gratitude. There is first of all a view found mostly
among modern moral philosophers which treats the given virtue as a set of
feelings and attitudes. The grateful person is obliged first and foremost to sincerely
acknowledge the benefaction before anything else,to convey a sense of their debt.
The second view…………………….
(link below)

Embodiment_of__Gratitude_in_Sufi_Ethics – Khalil

The Dialectic of Gratitude (Shukr) in the Non-dualism of Ibn al-ʿArabī by Atif Khalil

The role and function of gratitude or shukr in Islam has been a
topic that, until recently, has been the subject of little extensive
analysis.This is despite the central place of gratitude within the…..
(link below)

Dialectic Of Gratitude In Ibn Arabi – Khalil

Bidayat Al-Hidaya by Imam Al-Ghazali

Beginning of Guidance

By Abu Hamid Muhammad Al-Ghazali.  Translated by M. Abul Quasem