The Great Chain of Consciousness :Do All Things Possess Awareness?

In An EssAy on MAn, the eighteenth-century British poet Alexander Pope offers a suc- cinct formulation of an age-old philosophical doctrine about reality. This doctrine, which Arthur Lovejoy refers to as the “great chain of being,” maintains that existence is hierarchi- cal and organically linked, structured as it is upon the descending degrees of being. Reality begins with and proceeds from God, the Supreme Being, and ends in the most miniscule and discrete kinds of beings. Each thing in the cosmos, including the cosmos itself, forms a vital link with the other parts of this great chain. In Pope’s words,………………..

The Great Chain Of Consciousness (Renovatio 1.1, 2017) (1)

Everything Muhammad: The Image of the Prophet in the Writings of ‘Ayn al-Qudat

t is well‑known that Rumi (d. 1273) was a great lover of the Prophet
Muhammad. This is best typified in such verses as the ones with which
the present article begins. Given our knowledge of the devotion to the
Prophet that we find in Rumi’s writings and in the works of many other
Sufi authors,2
I would here like to discuss the views of another major
devotee of the Prophet. His name was Abu’l Ma‘ali ‘Abd Allah al‑Miyanji,
and is most commonly known as ‘Ayn al‑Qudat Hamadani. He was born……..

Everything Muhammad

Equilibrium and Realization: William Chittick on Self and the Cosmos by Muhammed Rustom

Equilibrium and Realization – William Chittick on Self and the Cosmos by Muhammad Rustom

An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines

An Introduction to
Islamic Cosmological


This study opens up a relatively unexplored, hence unfamiliar,
aspect of Islam. The ~ajority of mo?ern Muslim ration~lists will no
doubt join in chorus with the formalist orthodox theologians to deny
that its subject can be identified with Islam “in any true sense.” But
their perspective is false. The theme of Seyyed Hossein Nasr’s study
is one no less vital than the tracing out of one line in the complex process
by which the Islamic Community gradually discovered its own
nature and habitat…………………………………………..




The Male and Female in the Islamic Perspective

The Male and Female in the Islamic Perspective

by Seyyed Hossein Nasr

“O Mankind! Lo! We have created you male and female… The noblest among you, in the sight of Allah, is the best in conduct.” (Quran 49:13)

The Male and Female in the Islamic Perspective 



The Spiritual and Religious Dimensions of the Environmental Crisis – Seyyed Hossein Nasr

The spiritual and religious dimensions of the environmental crisis – Seyyed Hossein Nasr